AnnualsAnnuals – Plants that perform their entire life cycle within one year.
“Ball Drag”“Ball Drag” – A piece of chain link Fencing with a 4″ X 4″ post at the head. Used to lightly drag the soil surface to cover seed.
BiennialsBiennials – Plants that have a life cycle greater than one year, but less than three years.
Carbohydrate Content (Sugar)Carbohydrate Content (Sugar) – Listed as a percentage of the total carbohydrates (sugars) contained either in the plant leaf, stalk, bulb or seed produced.
CultipackerCultipacker – A piece of tractor equipment used to compact/press the seen into the plowed topsoil after broadcasting seed.
DiskDisk – A heavy piece of farm equipment with round discs used to plow the topsoil in preparation for planting.
Drought ToleranceDrought Tolerance – Based on plant performance and plant survivabilty during periods of low rainfall.
Dry Matter YieldsDry Matter Yields – The Lbs/Tons of production per acre weighed after it has been dried down to the acceptable moisture content for hay storage.
Forage & AttractionForage & Attraction – Based on a combination of forage volume, forage quality and forage attraction.
Germ & Purity TestGerm & Purity Test – A seed sample tested to determine the specie and quantity of seeds, live seed, weed seed and impurities.
Germination RateGermination Rate – The percentage of live seed capable of producing a plant.
InoculantsInoculants – Live bacteria which aids in Nitrogen Fixation and nodule production in peas, beans, clovers and alfalfas.
Improving Herd Health & Body WeightImproving Herd Health & Body Weight – Based on the nutrient content and normal forage quality during the life of the plant.
Improving Soil HealthImproving Soil Health – Based on adding nutrients to increase soil fertility, and/or adding organic matter to reduce soil compaction and increase moisture retention.
LeachingLeaching – Lime and fertilizer components can leach down into the soil over a period of time. As it does, the pH of the topsoil can change and this is why periodic soil testing is necessary. (Heavy clay soils leach slower than sandy soils)
New Food Plots (First Planting) New Food Plots (First Planting) – Based on how the plants compete against weed & grass competition, due to weed & grass seeds contained in the soil (seed bank).
Nitrogen FixationNitrogen Fixation – The ability of some plants to “pull” Nitrogen from the air and store it in the root nodules.
Nitrogen ReleaseNitrogen Release – Nitrogen stored in the root nodules tends to be released when the plant is grazed or mowed. Due to the reduced plant size and subsequent Nitrogen requirement, it is the excess that is released into the soil.
NodulesNodules – Small “bulbs” attached to the roots which allow the plants to store Nitrogen.
No-Till DrillNo-Till Drill – A piece of farm equipment used to plant seeds without plowing the topsoil. When adjusted properly it can plant the seeds at the proper seeding depth.
Organic MatterOrganic Matter – Organic matter may consist of decomposed trees, plants, leaves, manure, etc. Organic matter aids in moisture retention and slows the leaching of nutrients into the soil. (Example – Peat moss contains heavy organic matter, where sand contains very little)
PerennialsPerennials – Plants that have a life cycle greater than two years.
pHpH – Is rated on a scale from 0 – 14, with 7.0 being neutral. Acidity ranges from 0 – 6.9. Alkalinity ranges from 7.1 – 14.
Preferred Soil pHPreferred Soil pH – The best pH range in which the plants perform well and can uptake the nutrients from the soil. | 7 = Nuetral 7 = Alkalinity |
Protein ContentProtein Content – Listed as a percentage of the total protein contained either in the plant leaf, stalk, bulb or seed produced.
Seed Analysis LabelSeed Analysis Label – Required under the Federal Seed Act to be attached to each unit of seed available for resale. It must list the percentage of each type seed in the product bag (including known weed seeds), the tested germination rates of each and the percentage of impurities (hulls, dirt, etc.)
Seed To Soil ContactSeed To Soil Contact – Where the seed is capable to contact actual soil, not resting on live or dead grass/debris.
Soil CompactionSoil Compaction – Where the soil settles/compresses over a period of time due rainfall, animal use or vehicle traffic.
Soil TestSoil Test – The testing of a soil sample to determine the soil pH, major mineral components in the soil and provides recommendations of lime & fertilizer for the species to be planted.
Shade TolerenceShade Tolerence – Based on the plant survivability and growth characteristics when grown in reduced sunlight.
SpreaderSpreader – A device used to spread or broadcast seed/fertilizer onto a food plot.
SubsoilSubsoil – The much harder layer of soil underneath the topsoil – which tends to limit root depth and moisture retention.
SubsoilerSubsoiler – Sometime called a “Moldboard Plow” or “Turning Plow” is used to do a deeper turn of the soil. Under the right conditions, and with a large tractor, some subsoilers can turn soil to a depth of 22 to 24 inches.
TopsoilTopsoil – The top layer of softer soil containing higher concentrations of organic matter.
Wet Matter YieldsWet Matter Yields – The Lbs/Tons per acre of production weighed immediately after harvest.
YieldsYields – The amount of Lbs/Tons a plant is capable of producing per acre in the leaf and stalk or in the seed produced.